Varanasi is a holy city located at the bank of River Ganga in Uttar Pradesh. Varanasi, also known as Kashi and Banaras, is one of the oldest continuously inhabited city on earth. Varanasi is the cultural capital of India, as Varanasi is among the most revered religious destinations in India. This Indian travel destination is famous for its bathing Ghats that line River Ganges. According to legends Lord Shiva himself established this holy city and now it is the ‘abode of Lord Shiva’. This holy city has a spiritual legacy that dates back to more than 3000 years. The aartis and the floating of earthern lamps over the water of River Ganga in the evening is also an important element of the identity of Varanasi. Ganges has a great belief attached to it by followers of Hinduism. It is believed that the river washes away the sins on taking a dip in the river.
This city is known for its ghats, temples, and music, there are many other famous places in Varanasi that must be seen and experienced on your Varanasi trip.
Kashi Vishwanath Temple: Vishwanath Temple is one of the 12 Jyotirlingas, the holiest of the pilgrimages dedicated to Lord Shiva. Located in the heart of Varanasi, the temple is a core of faith for millions of Hindus. Situated on the western bank of holy River Ganga, the main deity of Kashi Vishwanath Temple is Lord Shiva. The Linga is the presiding deity here and the temple is quadrangle, surrounded by temples of other gods.
Panchganga Ghat: Panchganga Ghat is among the beautiful ghats, it is the mythical meeting place of five sacred rivers. The five holy rivers are the Ganges, Saraswati, Yamuna, Kirana and Dhupapapa. This ghat is also popular as Alamgir Mosque is located in its close vicinity. This mosque is also known as Beni Madhav-ka-Darera, stands tall near the ghat.
Sarnath: Situated at a distance of 13 kilometres from Varanasi, Sarnath is among the famous Buddhist pilgrimages in India. Sarnath is also referred to a deer park, which is the where Lord Buddha first preached his teachings of enlightenment and following the middle path. Popular sightseeing places in Sarnath include the Dhamekh Stupa & Monastery Ruins, the Archaeological Museum, the Chaukhandi Stupa, the Mulagandha Kuti Vihar, the Ashoka Pillar, and the Chinese & Thai Temple and Monastery.
Ramnagar Fort & Museum: The Ramnagar Fort is an 18th-century crumbling ruin in dire need of restoration, it is located opposite to the Tulsi Ghat. Built by Raja Balwant Singh in 1750, this castle is the best representation of Mughal style of architecture. The museum houses a vast collection of items belonging to the Royal family of Varanasi. Also has rich collection of swords, costumes, palanquins and so on.
Chunar Fort: The Chunar Fort is located approximately 23 km southwest of Varanasi. The fort is spread in a massive 34000 square feet and it is famous for its rich antiquity. Ujjain King Vikramaditya constructed this fort for his brother Bharthari. The fort is believed to be divinely blessed and is among the popular places to visit in and around Varanasi in one day.
Dasaswamedh Ghat: Dasaswamedh Ghat is one of the prominent ghats, situated on the banks of river Ganges. According to the Mythology this was the place where Lord Brahma successfully performed the ritual of Dasa Ashwamedha sacrifice. Many temples are situated in the vicinity of the ghat and quite a few rituals are performed there.
Ghat: Manikarnika Ghat is one of the sacred ghats in
Varanasi with many temples and sacred spots. This is the main cremation ghat
located on the banks of river Ganges in Varanasi. It is believed that burning
the dead bodies in the cremation ground located at this ghat is a way to attain
Moksha, the salvation.
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